North Yorkshire is the largest non-metropolitan county and lieutenancy area in England, covering an area of 8,654 square kilometres (3,341 sq mi). It is located primarily in the region of Yorkshire and the Humber, but partly in the region of North East England. The ONS estimated that the population of the shire was 602,300 in mid-2016, excluding unitary authorities.
Created by the Local Government Act 1972, the majority of the Yorkshire Dales and the North York Moors lie within North Yorkshire’s boundaries, and around 40% of the county is covered by national parks. The county is one of four counties in England to hold the name Yorkshire; the others are the East Riding of Yorkshire, South Yorkshire and West Yorkshire.
Within the ceremonial county, the most populous settlement is the Middlesbrough built-up area (at 174,700). The York built-up area (at 152,841) is the second most populous settlement. The largest settlement in the administrative county is Harrogate (at 73,576), the second largest is Scarborough (at 61,749) and Northallerton has a population of 16,832.